Some more Useful Hindi to Learn

Time

EnglishHindiTransliteration
nowअब, अभीab, abhī

laterबाद में, फिरbād men, phir
beforeपहलेpehle
morningसुबह, सवेराsubeh, savera(early morn.)

afternoonदोपहरdopehar; sa pehar
eveningशामshām
nightरातrāt

Clock time

EnglishHindiTransliteration
one o'clock AMरात में एक बजेrāt men ek baje

two o'clock AMरात में दो बजेrāt men do baje
noonदोपहरdopehar
one o'clock PMदोपहर एक बजेdopehar ek baje

two o'clock PMदोपहर दो बजेdopehar do baje
midnightआधी रातādhī raat

Duration

EnglishHindiTransliteration
minuteिमनटminaṭ
hourघंटाghanṭa
dayिदनdin
weekहफ़्ता hafta
monthमहीनाmahīna
yearसालsāl, varSha

Days

EnglishHindiTransliteration
Todayआजāj

Yesterday/Tomorrow (depends on context/tense)कल... kal
Day after tomorrow/day before yesterdayपरसोंparson
Weekहफ़्ताhafta

This weekइस हफ़्तेis hafte
Last weekपिछले हफ़्तेpichle hafte
Next weekअगले हफ़्तेagle hafte
Two weeksदो हफ़्तेdo hafte
Monthमहीनाmahīna

The Hindu days of the week are each ruled by a planet, and corresponding exactly to ancient cultures in the West, i.e. Sunday = Ravivār (Lord of the Sun's day [lit. time or period]). Thursday/O.N. ├×orsdagr, Thor's day = Guruvār (Lord of Jupiter's day), Saturday/Saturn's day = Śhani's (Lord of Saturn's day), etc. Unlike her Western counterparts, in India, Astrology is still a vital part of Hindu culture. Though attitudes may vary on its validity, priests are still consulted, as per tradition, for an auspicious day to hold a wedding. -वार, meaning day, time, or period is often dropped colloquially.

DayHindiTransliteration
Sundayइतवार/रवि‍वारitvār, ravivār (Sun)
Mondayसोमवारsomvār (Moon); pīr
Tuesdayमंगलवारmangalvār (Mars); mangal

Wednesdayबुधवारbudhvār (Mercury); budh
Thursdayगुरुवार/बृहस्पितवारguruvār (Jupiter)/bṛhaspitvār
Fridayशुक्रवारśukravār (Venus)
Saturdayशनि‍वारśanivār (Saturn)

Months

India has two main calendars in use, though other groups like the Parsis have their own calendar as well. The Western (Gregorian) calendar is used for day to day and business affairs, and the Hindu calendar is used by religious communities.

Gregorian Calendar

NameHindiTransliteration
Januaryजनवरीjanvarī
Februaryफ़रवरीfarvarī
Marchमार्चmārc
Aprilअप्रैलaprail
Mayमईmaī
Juneजूनjūn

Julyजुलाईjulāī
Augustअगस्तagast
Septemberसितम्बरsitambar
Octoberअक्तूबरaktūbar
Novemberनवम्बरnavambar
Decemberदिसम्बरdisambar
Hindu Calendar

The Hindu Calendar (विक्रम संवत्) is named after a legendary king of Ujjain who is supposed to have founded the Vikramditya (विक्रमादित्य) era c. 56 BCE. The year 57 BCE was the first year of this (संवत् saṃvat) era. Thus, to calculate the current date of the Hindu calendar add 57 years. Today the Hindu Calendar is used mainly for religious purposes and calculating festivals. Because it is based on the lunar month, every 30 months an "impure" intercalary leap month is added during which no ceremonies are performed. The Hindi names are variations of the original Sanskrit ones.

NameHindi№ of DaysGregorian Equivalent
Caitraचैत30(March - April)

Baisākhबैसाख31(April - May)
Jeṭhजेठ31(May - June)
Asāṛhअसाढ़daysJune-July

Sāvanसावन31(July-August)
Bhādonभादों31(August-September)
Kvārक्वार30(September-October)

Kātikकातिक30(October-November)
Aghanअगहन30(November-December)
Pūsपूस30(December-January)

Māghमाघ30(January-February)
Phagunफागुन30(February-March)
Malmāsमलमास??

Writing Time and Date

Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from English.The time's are written exactly as in English , that is hours followed by minutes.12:45am will thus be दोपहर के 12 बजकर पैंतालीस मिनट , note that बजकर would indicate something like O'Clock in English . मिनट is just a literal translation of Minutes.

Colors

ColorHindiTransliteration
colorरंगrang
colorfulरंगिरंगाbahut bahAna, rangabirangī
colorlessबेरंगberang

blackकालाkālā
whiteसफ़ेदsafed/shwet
redलालlāl
pink, rosyगुलाबीgulābī
orangeनारंगीnārangī
saffronकेसिरयाkesirayā
yellowपीलाpīla

greenहराharā
blueनीलाnīlā
turquoiseफ़िरोज़ीfirozī
purpleबैंगनी, जाम्नीbainganī, jāmnī
brownभूराbhūrā
grayस्लेटीsleṭī
goldenसुनहराsunaharā

silverचांदीcāndī (also the metal)
shinyचमकीलाcamkīlā
deep, darkगहराgaharā
pale, lightहल्काhalkā

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